The Italian thistle is so abundant and vigorous this year that it’s giving the fennel a battle for resources, and may be impacting the Red-winged Blackbird breeding season. Along the north side path where the normally tall and abundant fennel provided a secure nesting refuge for the blackbirds in past years, the thistle has outraced the fennel to the sun, and the thistle’s roots must be stepping on the fennel’s toes in the soil (first picture below).
It’s been a bad year for the Red-winged Blackbirds, which usually do their mating, laying, brooding, hatching and fledging business in this area of the park during springtime. Their numbers are a fraction of last year’s. Part of the problem is that Parks management last winter massacred the standing fennel and other bushes on which the blackbirds relied. The resulting torn-up soil was perfect for the opportunist thistles. The fennel, which is hardly a pushover in battles for dominance, will eventually prevail, but probably at some cost to its height and density. And to the birds. [More below]
Fennel overshadowed by invading Italian thistle, April 27 2017
Two years ago, at the same time of year, the new fennel in this same area grew vigorously without a single thistle to worry about. In height and density it looked a lot stronger than this year (See pic below). [More below]
Then, in May 2016, Parks management sent its mowing machine on a massacre of the vegetation in the blackbird nursery area (pics below). Eight to twelve feet of standing fennel along the paved path was laid waste in the middle of the nesting season. One nest containing four eggs narrowly escaped destruction but now lay exposed on the edge. How many other nests fell under the roaring cutters nobody knows. The mower cut another swath twelve feet wide into the heart of the fennel forest, and for good measure knocked down a big bush that was a favorite perch for the males. [More below]
In August 2016, after the blackbirds had departed, the Parks Department mower slashed a further six to eight feet of dense bird habitat back from the paved trail, and butchered the abundant vegetation on the hill at the northwest corner of the park. Result: perfect clearance for thistles to move in and take over. See pics below.